The History of the BPT movement
One or two BPTs were set up as long ago as the 1920s and remain active to this day such as Bath Preservation Trust and Oxford Preservation Trust. Most, however, are considerably younger. With the urban clearances of the 1960s that the building conservation movement gathered momentum. Campaigns to prevent further demolitions resulted in the Civic Amenities Act of 1967, which provided for the designation of conservation areas, and the Town and Country Planning Act 1968 which introduced better stewardship for historic buildings. The BPT movement gained further momentum from European Architectural Heritage Year 1975 and the creation of The Architectural Heritage Fund, which commenced activity in 1976. It was put firmly on the map with the formation of its own representative body, Heritage Trust Network, in 1989. Today over 250 BPTs are members of Heritage Trust Network.
For further information on the evolution and history of Building Preservation Trusts, click here (with special thanks to Colin Johns for providing this contribution).